Struct <struct name>
Structs are datatypes, able to contain variables of all datatypes.
To address a member of a struct, use the "." operator: <structname>.<membername>. Like all datatypes, one can have a whole range of them, as displayed in the example (also see Array).
There are two ways to fill a struct on declaration:
- Per member
- Afterwards, like Arrays.
See the examples on how to do it.
Structs can be handy for many aspects of programming.
Grouping of variables
This is for clarity and to avoid colliding variable names.
Struct Fileinfo String name; String path; End
Note that the struct fileinfo is a predefined global variable.
Maybe you want to group some other data, like settings of the screen:
Struct Window int width = 320; int height = 200; int depth = 8; End
or (using other initializing syntax):
Struct Window int width; int height; int depth; End = 320,200,8;
This example can also be done by defining your own type.
Multiple identical data groups
Struct Ship int x; int y; int speed; int angle; End
There are 10 'Ship's now. The data can be accessed like:
Ship.speed++; Ship.angle = 0;